4. Basic Hiragana Chart (Audio)

Each Japanese syllable is made up of either a single vowel: a,i,u,e and o or a combination of a consonant plus a vowel.
The only exception is the n, m or ŋ sound which is represented by the character ん.

There are 46 basic Hiragana, 25 voiced or semi-voiced variations (called “Daku-on) and 33 contracted sounds. Here, “voiced” means you use your vocal cords to pronounce them. It begins with the consonants b, d, g, j and z and semi-voiced ones begin with p, that we call Daku-on.

A I U E O Audio
K か ka き ki く ku け ke こ ko
S さ sa し shi す su せ se そ so
T た ta ち chi つ tsu て te と to
N な na に ni ぬ nu ね ne の no
H は ha ひ hi ふ hu へ he ほ ho
M ま ma み mi む mu め me も mo
Y Y ya ゆ yu よ yo
R ら ra り ri る ru れ re ろ ro
W わ wa を o
N

Daku-On (dull-sound)

A I U E O Audio
G が ga ぎ gi ぐ gu げ ge ご go
Z ざ za じ ji ず zu ぜ ze ぞ zo
D だ da ぢ ji づ zu で de ど do
B ば ba び bi ぶ bu べ be ぼ bo
P ぱ pa ぴ pi ぷ pu ぺ pe ぽ po

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