L18 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes

みなさん、おげんきですか。How are you, everyone!

Hope you enjoyed the Minna no Nihongo Lesson18 Videos on YouTube – Vocabulary and Grammar lessons. Please check the video again if you missed any. In L18 Minna no Nihongo Lesson Notes, Dic-form (Jisho-kei 辞書形 in Japanese) of verbs is explained

Here is the Dic-form worksheet. Like Nai-form, you need to know which verbs are categorized to which type of verbs (verb1, 2 or 3 (irregular)). Please download the Dic-form Verb worksheet and practice! 🙂

Here are the Grammar contents we learnt in this Lesson18.

Dic.form of verb(じしょ形):

  • Verb3: きます→くる します→ する
  • Verb2: たべます→ たべ  おきます→ おき
    (For Verb2, you need to know what verbs are categorized as Verb2. Please check the Worksheet)
  • Verb1: のます→ の  ます→ い  ます→ す
    (For Verb1 conjugation from masu-form to dic-form, change the character before “masu” from i-column to u-column. Please check the worksheet and watch the Grammar video.)

Expressing ability: 〜 できます。
 Noun: (noun) できます – Verb: (じしょ形)ことが できます

  • コンビニで コピーができます。You can make a copy at convenience store.
  • コンビニで コピーをすることが できます。You can make a copy at convenience store.
  • やまださんは ピアノを ひくことができます。Mr. Yamada can play the piano.

My/Someone’s hobby is.. -(noun)です。/ -(verb じしょ形)こと です。

  • わたしの しゅみは しゃしんです。My hobby is photography.
  • さとうさんのしゅみは しゃしんをとることです。Sato-san’s hobby is taking photos.

Before 〜 : -(noun)のまえに、〜 / -(verb じしょ形)まえに、

  • しょくじのまえに、てをあらいます。I wash my hands before meal.
  • 10ねんまえに、にほんへきました。 I came to Japan 10 years ago.
    * For years, weeks, days (numbers), no need to add “の” before mae.
  • テレビを みるまえに べんきょうします。I study before watching TV.

There are only two verbs for Verb3 (aka irregular verbs): きます and します.
Other verbs are categorized either Verb1 or Verb2. Please download Dic-form Verb worksheet and find it out.

If you think it’s difficult, please go …continue reading