All posts by blogsonjapan

Japanese Gum Wrappers Double as Beautiful Origami

Rather than just let the small piece of paper that wraps around individual sticks of gum go to waste, Japanese snack-maker Lotte decided to get playful. For each of their 7 different flavors of gum the firm created a series of graphic wrappers, a total of 58 different designs, each with their own distinct look. […]

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Japanese Aqarium’s Flowchart Illustrates the Complex Relationships of Their Penguins

the Kyoto Aqarium’s 2020 Penguin Relationship Flowchart Penguins, the way they waddle around and protect their eggs, are often thought of as cute, cuddly and romantic. But those who observe them for extended periods know they have a dark side. Two aquariums in Japan, Kyoto Aquarium and Sumida Aquarium, keep obsessive tabs on their penguins […]

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Connecting with masu-stem抽象的なテクスチャ

「よく遊びよく学べ 」だよ!

= “Yoku asobi yoku manabe” dayo!
= “Play hard and study hard”, OK?

Hi everyone!

I am your guest teacher, Ren!

Today I’m going to answer one of the most frequently asked questions:

“How do you connect verbs with the masu-stem?”

Many of you know how to connect verbs with te-form, right?

Just in case, let’s review.

to do A and do B

A: 書く ( = kaku) to write

B: 消す ( = kesu ) to erase

You change the first verb 書く ( = kaku) to the te-form →書いて ( = kaite)

* 自分の名前を書いて消す。

= Jibun no namae wo kaite kesu.

= Write one’s name and erase it.

past tense: You make the second (the last) verb, 消す( = kesu = to erase) past tense.

* 自分の名前を書いて消した。

= Jibun no namae wo kaite keshita.

= I wrote my name and erased it.

You can also connect verbs using the masu-stem.


How to form:

書く = かく= kaku

→ masu form: 書きます = かきます = kakimasu

→ Make a masu stem: delete ます ( = masu) 書き = かき = kaki

* 自分の名前を書き、消す。

= jibun no namae wo kak, kesu.

= to write one’s name and erase it.

Past tense: Just change the last verb to the past tense.

* 自分の名前を書き、消した。

= Jibun no namae wo kaki, keshita.

= I wrote my name and erased it.

It is more common to use te-form or if the masu-stem is one mora such as,

* 来る= kuru = to come→来ます= きます= kimasu

→masu-stem 来 = き= ki X

→you use (te-form) 来て = きて= kite

* 出る = deru= to leave, to come out →出ます= でます= demasu

→masu-stem 出= で= de X

→you use (te-form) 出て = でて= dete

* 見る = miru = to see, watch, look→見ます=みます= mimasu

→masu-stem 見 = み = mi …continue reading


Sustainable development is key in responding to COVID-19

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Author: Aekapol Chongvilaivan, ADB

Extraordinary times call for extraordinary measures. During the COVID-19 pandemic, governments should spare no effort to strengthen public health systems and shield the livelihoods of the world’s most vulnerable. But for developing countries, fiscal and borrowing headroom were already limited before the outbreak. The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) should therefore be integrated into fiscal stimulus to bring about a swift, sustainable and resilient economic recovery. This will ensure fiscal responses achieve sufficient bang for their buck.

In light of the pandemic, fiscal policy must strike two goals at the same time — flattening the COVID-19 curve and limiting the economic fallout from the pandemic. Governments around the globe have been swift in ushering in much needed stimulus through public health spending, social assistance and financial support to shield businesses and workers from the economic shocks unleashed by the pandemic. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) estimates that these policy responses could reduce economic losses experienced by developing countries in the Asia Pacific by 30–40 per cent — the equivalent of US$4.1–5.4 trillion in economic damage avoided.

While the full extent of the health and economic impacts are yet to be seen, fiscal space and borrowing headroom are not without limits and will, sooner or later, be exhausted. As the pandemic unfolds, accommodative fiscal stances will become more difficult to sustain. This race is a marathon, rather than a sprint.

The COVID-19 pandemic could undo progress made in poverty reduction in developing countries. In Southeast Asia, it is estimated that the pandemic could see the poverty rate, which was forecast to decline to 15.2 per cent in 2020 in the absence of COVID-19, rise to 18 per cent. This will propel 18 million more people into poverty. Disruptions to supply chains, restrictions on …continue reading