Category Archives: EDUCATION

Personal Pronouns in Japanese Grammar

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I don’t believe that I covered this topic in the past. This is one of those basic grammar lesson, and it is very important to know. Today, let me cover the personal pronouns.

photo from Stevie Spiers (Photography) on flickr.com

The major personal pronouns we use in Japanese are:

Watashi (私、わたし) - I

Anata (あなた) – You

Kare (彼、かれ) – He

Kanojo (彼女、かのじょ) – She

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In Japanese, “I” is “Watashi”. However, during our conversation, we often omit the word “watashi”. This is true, especially in less formal conversation. I added the word, “watashi” below, but you can say it without the word

  • Kyo, watashi wa market e ikimashita. 今日、私は、マーケットへ 行きました。(きょう、わたしは マーケットへ いきました。) – I went to the market today.

Similar approach is applied to the word “You”, “Anata” in Japanese.

  • Anata no ie wa doko desuka? – あなたの、家は何処ですか? (あなたの いえは どこですか?) Where is your house (located) ?

This can be said ” Ie wa doko deuka?” without “Anata”

When using “He” , “She” or “Kare”, or “Kanojo”, we do add the pronouns in our sentences.

  • Kare wa John san no oto-to desu. 彼は、ジョンさんの 弟 です。(かれは、ジョンさんの おとうと です。)- He is John’s brother.
  • Kanojo wa watashi no imo-to desu. 彼女は、私の 妹 です。 (かのじょは わたしの いもうと です。)- She is my younger sister.

What if you want to make these pronouns plural. Let me show you how …continue reading